History of Midwifery in Nigeria: what you should know

Have you considered pursuing your career as a midwife? Here’s is a complete article about History of Midwifery in Nigeria and how to become a midwife In Nigeria

Midwifery is the practice of providing care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It is a profession that has a long history dating back to ancient civilizations.

History of Midwifery in Nigeria

Midwifery evolved, with midwives playing an important role in providing care to women in a variety of cultures and societies. Midwives were often the only healthcare providers available to women during the Middle Ages, and they played an important role in providing care during childbirth

Midwifery is an ancient profession that dates back to the dawn of time. Its origins can be traced back to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, where midwives were hired to assist women during childbirth. The term “midwife” is derived from the Old English word for “with woman,” and it refers to the traditional role of providing physical and emotional support during labor and delivery.

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Who was the first midwife in Nigeria

The first known registered nurse-midwife working within a hospital setting was Mrs. Grace Olayemi Adeboyejo who began her career at University College Hospital Ibadan (UCH) in 1968 – making her one of Nigeria’s pioneering nurse-midwives! Since then UCH has gone on to become one of Africa’s leading teaching institutions for aspiring nursing professionals specializing in obstetric services – including those interested in pursuing a degree/diploma/certificate program related to Midwifery Practice & Education Programmes (MPEP).

This program provides students with comprehensive training on all aspects relating to maternity care including antenatal period management & postpartum follow-up – enabling them to develop skills necessary provide quality evidence-based clinical practice within their communities.

Overall, it is clear why history has continued to recognize the importance of professionalized Midwives, both locally and globally: they play a critical role in ensuring safe motherhood by providing well-informed, compassionate, supportive, skilled care to mothers throughout pregnancy, labor, and delivery, and beyond.

In recent decades there has been much research conducted regarding how modern-day midwifery can help reduce infant mortality rates, especially among low-income communities due to its focus on a holistic approach when it comes to providing prenatal education along with offering emotional support throughout the entire duration of woman’s pregnancy journey all way up until she gives birth her baby safely into the world without any complications whatsoever.

This type of model of primary maternity healthcare has proven successful in many parts globe leading reduction in neonatal deaths to increase breastfeeding rates improved access to antenatal services better management of preterm births etcetera making big difference lives of countless families everywhere.

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Midwifery then vs now

Here’s a quick look at midwifery back then and now:


Midwifery was frequently practiced by women who had learned the skills informally through apprenticeship or their own birth experiences.
Midwives were frequently the only healthcare providers available to women, particularly in remote or rural areas.

Midwives were frequently regarded as second-rate healthcare providers, with their skills and knowledge not always respected or acknowledged by the medical community.

Midwives frequently used traditional remedies and practices to care for women during their pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.


Midwifery is now a recognized profession, requiring specific education and training.

Midwives are regulated by professional organizations and must have a professional license to practice.

Midwives can be found in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and private practice.

Midwives provide care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period using evidence-based practices and techniques.
Midwives provide important support and guidance to expectant mothers and play an important role in the healthcare system.

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